The Ultimate List of Foods Goats Should Not Eat: Top 6 Harmful Foods

list of foods goats should not eat

Owning goats can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience. These curious and playful creatures can provide companionship and serve various purposes on a farm, such as producing milk or clearing vegetation. However, it’s essential to be aware of what not to feed them to ensure their health and safety.

In this comprehensive guide, we present the ultimate list of foods goats should not eat, highlighting potential dangers and providing alternatives to keep your goats thriving.

The Importance of a Proper Diet

Before delving into the forbidden foods, let’s emphasize the significance of a balanced and nutritious diet for goats. Goats are ruminants, meaning they have a unique digestive system that allows them to extract nutrients from fibrous plants. A healthy diet for goats primarily consists of good-quality hay, fresh water, and a mineral supplement specifically formulated for their needs.

Goats also require a sufficient amount of browse, which refers to the leaves, twigs, and shrubs they naturally consume in their environment. Providing a diverse range of browse allows goats to obtain essential vitamins and minerals. While it’s tempting to share human food with these charming animals, many items can be harmful or even toxic to them.

Ultimate List of Foods Goats Should Not Eat

1. Avocado

Avocado contains a toxin called persin, which can be deadly to goats. This fruit is known to cause heart and respiratory issues, leading to severe illness or even death. Ensure that avocados and any products containing avocados are kept far away from your goats.

2. Chocolate

While chocolate is a delightful treat for humans, it should never be given to goats. Chocolate contains theobromine, a substance that can be toxic to many animals, including goats. Ingesting chocolate can lead to symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, and even seizures.

3. Rhubarb

Rhubarb leaves and stems contain oxalates, which can cause kidney damage and other health issues in goats. It’s crucial to keep rhubarb plants out of reach and dispose of any trimmings or leftovers safely.

4. Tomato Leaves and Stems

Although ripe tomatoes are generally safe for goats in moderation, the leaves and stems of tomato plants contain solanine, a toxic compound. Ingesting large quantities of tomato foliage can result in digestive upset and other complications.

5. Onions and Garlic

Onions and garlic belong to the Allium family and contain compounds that can damage a goat’s red blood cells. Feeding goats large amounts of onions or garlic can lead to anemia and other serious health issues. It’s best to avoid these ingredients altogether.

6. Potatoes

Raw or green potatoes contain a toxin called solanine, which is harmful to goats. This toxin can cause digestive problems, weakness, and even paralysis. Ensure that potatoes are kept out of reach and stored in a secure area.

FAQs About Foods Goats Should Not Eat

Can goats eat grapes?

No, grapes should not be fed to goats. Grapes can cause kidney damage and even kidney failure in goats due to their high toxicity levels.

Is it safe for goats to consume bread?

While goats can eat small amounts of bread occasionally, it should not be a significant part of their diet. Bread lacks the necessary nutrients for goats and can lead to weight gain and digestive issues if overconsumed.

Can goats eat citrus fruits?

In general, goats can consume small amounts of citrus fruits, such as oranges and lemons. However, these fruits should be given in moderation as they can cause digestive upset if eaten in excess.

Are apple seeds toxic to goats?

Apple seeds contain cyanide and can be toxic to goats if ingested in large quantities. However, feeding goats small amounts of apple flesh without seeds is safe and can be a healthy treat.

Can goats eat peanut butter?

While goats may find peanut butter enticing, it’s best to avoid feeding it to them. Peanut butter is high in fat and can cause digestive upset and obesity in goats if consumed regularly.

Are all types of mushrooms harmful to goats?

Yes, it’s essential to keep all types of mushrooms away from goats. Many species of mushrooms are toxic and can cause severe illness or even death if ingested.


As responsible goat owners, it’s crucial to prioritize the health and well-being of our beloved animals. By familiarizing ourselves with the ultimate list of foods goats should not eat, we can ensure that their diet remains safe and nutritious. Remember to provide a balanced diet consisting of high-quality hay, browse, and the necessary mineral supplements.

By doing so, you’ll be rewarded with healthy, happy goats that thrive in their environment.

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